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Current Status Of Mites And Mite-Borne Diseases In India

1 Division of Vector- Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, ICMR-Vector Control Research Centre Field Station, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 ICMR-Vector Control Research Centre, Puducherry

Correspondence Address:
Philip P Samuel,
Scientist D, ICMR-Vector Control Research Centre Field Station, Department of Health Research, 4, Sarojini Street, Chinnachokkikulam, Madurai-625002, India.
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-9062.361175

Mites act as the vectors of zoonotic vector-borne disease scrub typhus caused by the rickettsial pathogen Orientia tsutsugamushi. In India, scrub typhus is transmitted by the mite Leptotrombidium deliense. Rodents are the reservoirs and support the spread of this disease. Sarcoptes scabiei or the itch mite is causing Scabies which is a common skin infection in India. Dermatitis, trombiculosis, and mite dust allergy are common mite-borne diseases, transmitted by Pyemotidae family. Demodex folliculorum and Demodex brevis are two major mite species found on humans also causing a disease, "Demodicosis", common in India. Dermanyssus gallinae, fowl mite cause pruritis to poultry birds, transmit infections to poultry workers when comes into contact with birds. There is re-emergence of mite-borne diseases especially scrub typhus in many pats of India requiring urgent attention for its control. This review is aimed to update the available information on mites and mite transmitted diseases prevalent in India so as to highlight the importance of rodent and chigger mite vector control to prevent the forthcoming mite-borne diseases in India.

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    -  Rajamannar V
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