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Molecular Identification And Phylogenetic Analysis Of Mosquito Vectors From Mananthavady Taluk, Wayanad, Kerala

 Division of Molecular Biology, Department of Zoology, University of Calicut, Kerala-673635, India

Correspondence Address:
Chempakassery Devasia Sebastian,
Professor, Molecular Biology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, University of Calicut, Malappuram, Kerala, 673635, India.
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-9062.361166

Background & objectives: Every year more than one billion people are infected with and about one million people dies from vector-borne diseases; of which Mosquito borne diseases remain as the world's most severe insect-borne disease with excessive rates of morbidity and mortality. The study was aimed to examine the mosquito vectors and the possible diseases transmitted by them in the Mananthavady Taluk of Wayanad, Kerala. Methods: The area selected for the present study was Mananthavady Taluk of Wayanad district, Kerala, during the period of 2019-2021. Collected specimen were subjected for morphological identification using taxonomic keys and was confirmed by DNA barcoding. Molecular phylogeny assessment was done for the collected species of vector mosquitoes. Results: A total of 17 mosquito species belonging to 5 genera, Anopheles, Aedes, Culex, Mansonia and Armigeres were identified. The mitochondrial COI gene sequences generated for molecular identification of these species were submitted to NCBI GenBank. Interpretation & conclusion: Overall, this study extends to our understanding of the molecular evolution of mosquito vectors of medical and veterinary concern, which could aid in developing biotechnological approaches used in Culicidae control programs.

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