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Re-emerging trends of scrub typhus disease in Southern Rajasthan (India): A Global Public Health Problem

 Department of Zoology, University College of Science, Mohanlal Sukhadia University, Udaipur-313001, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Devendra Kumar,
Department of Zoology, University College of Science, Mohanlal Sukhadia University, Udaipur-313001, Rajasthan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-9062.342357

Scrub typhus is the oldest known vector-borne zoonotic infectious disease in the world which is life-threatening for all age groups that presents acute febrile illness along with multi-organ involvements and spread with the biting of infectious 'Trombiculid mite' (chigger mite). The pathogen of this disease is an obligatory coccobacillus gram-negative rickettsial bacteria " Orientia tsutsugamushi". Scrub typhus disease was previously confined geographically only to the Asia Pacific region (tsutsugamushi triangle), but in recent years it has crossed its limit and spread in other countries beyond the tsutsugamushi triangle and has become more hazardous for the community. The main objective of this study is to attempt epidemiological investigations with existing information of the scrub typhus cases and to explore the disease outbreaks re-emerging trends in Southern Rajasthan. This study concluded that the scrub typhus disease is being re-emerged again and again in various Indian geographical regions with new species of vectors. The disease has been raised in tremendous amounts in Rajasthan within the last 5 years specially in the hilly zone and led to major public health problems with other zoonotic diseases.

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    -  Jakhar SD
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