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Mobile app based pictorial identification key for Indian anophelines

1 ICMR-National Institute of Malaria Research, New Delhi, India
2 Kumaun University, Nainital, Uttarakhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Rekha Saxena,
Scientist- F, ICMR-NIMR, Sector-8, Dwarka, New Delhi - 110077
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-9062.325634

Background & objectives: Malaria control strategies for a particular area largely depends on the correct identification of the mosquito species prevalent in that area. This study was aimed to develop an android mobile app named ‘Pictorial identification key for Indian anophelines’, which can be used for identification of the 58 species of Indian female adult anophelines on the basis of morphological characteristics. Methods: The pre-requisite to use this app requires a minimum basic knowledge on mosquito morphological characteristics and features. The user needs to view the collected mosquito under a dissecting binocular microscope and has to select the observations on the app presented in the form of labelled picture format. The app uses divide and conquer algorithm which narrows the selection from genus level to final identification of species. Results: The app is user-friendly, quick and accurately identifies the mosquito species in maximum six consecutive clicks. The result displays full image of identified mosquito along with its quick identification features. It can be used for both subgenus Cellia and Anopheles. Interpretation & conclusion: This pictorial key-based mobile app could be useful for entomologists, malariologists, researchers, public health workers as well as students in the quick and correct identification of anopheline mosquitoes prevalent in India which in turn could be helpful in devising appropriate approaches towards malaria control and prevention. The app can be modified as per future requirements.

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