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Vector-Borne Diseases in Egypt: Present status and accelerating towards elimination

1 Tropical Health Department (Division of Parasitology and Medical Entomology), High Institute of Public Health, Alexandria University, Egypt
2 Tropical Health Department (Division of Tropical Health), High Institute of Public Health, Alexandria University, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Ekram El-Wahab,
High Institute of Public Health, Alexandria University 165 El Horreya Road, 21561 Alexandria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-9062.321759

Vector-borne diseases (VBDs) remain one of the most important threats to global health. Egypt is affected by at least seven VBDs of public health concern, including schistosomiasis, fascioliasis, lymphatic filariasis, leishmaniasis, malaria, dengue, and Rift Valley fever. Although many of these diseases are preventable through evidence-based protective measures, the expansion patterns of VBDs in recent decades represent a huge challenge in modern parasitology and tropical medicine. Egypt did not identify populations at risk for VBDs in their action plan. Egypt plans to improve its regional and international communication to identify pathogens and infections and develop preparedness and preventive strategies that conform to "One Health" approach. However, there is a need for cross-border collaborations regarding the control of VBDs. In this context, we provided a situational analysis and comprehensive review of the epidemiological information of major vector-borne diseases in Egypt, though an extensive literature search in the major electronic databases and grey literature in the timeframe 1950-2019. We identified the gaps between what is done what needs to be done in Egypt regarding the preparedness to threats of vector borne diseases that tackle the adaptation documents, surveillance and monitoring, environmental management, and health system preparation. Implementation of an integrated vector management strategy that integrates chemical, environmental and biological control as well as health education is lacking. This necessitates inter-sectoral coordination and community participation for better delivering of vector control activities and for safe use, storage and disposal of pesticides.

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