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Systematic review: Effectiveness of combination of lactic acid attractants for control of dengue vector Aedes spp.

1 Faculty of Medicine, Halu Oleo University, Kendari, Indonesia
2 Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
3 Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Tri Baskoro Tunggul Satoto,
Parasitology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-9062.316276

Background & objectives: This study aimed to review the effectiveness of lactic acid when combined with other types of attractants for Aedes spp. Methods: A systematic review was conducted according to the protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis (PRISMA). Literature search used Cinahl, Medline/PubMed, ScienceDirect, ProQuest and Ebsco electronic databases. Research articles used in the systematic review were experimental articles that reported the effectiveness of mosquito traps using lactic acid or a combination of lactic acid with other attractants. Results: From a total of 42 articles reviewed, there were 6 articles fulfilling the inclusion criteria. The highest synergistic combination of lactic acid in the ketone group was shown in the acetone compound, in the sulfides class, dimethyl sulfides, and in the chloroalkanes group, chloroform. The combination of lactic acid with two effective attractants can be seen in the incorporation of ammonia + caproic acid, and for the incorporation of lactic acid with three other effective attractants illustrated by combining ammonia + caproic acid + CO2. Interpretation & conclusion: Lactic acid as an attractant can be combined with other various compounds (ketone compounds, sulfides and chloroalkanes). Lactic acid increases its effectiveness in trapping Ae. aegypti and/or Ae. Albopictus if combined with acetone, dimethyl sulfides, and/or chloroform.

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