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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 59  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 127-138

Vector-Borne diseases in Egypt: Present status and accelerating toward elimination


1 Tropical Health Department (Division of Parasitology and Medical Entomology), High Institute of Public Health, Alexandria University, Egypt
2 Tropical Health Department (Division of Tropical Health), High Institute of Public Health, Alexandria University, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Ekram W Abd El-Wahab
High Institute of Public Health, Alexandria University, 165 El Hor reya Road, 21561 Alexandria
Egypt
Safaa M Eassa
High Institute of Public Health, Alexandria University, 165 El Hor reya Road, 21561 Alexandria
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-9062.321759

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Vector borne diseases (VBDs) remain one of the greatest dangers to global health. At least seven VBDs of public health concern are prevalent in Egypt, including schistosomiasis, fascioliasis, lymphatic filariasis, leishmaniasis, malaria, dengue, and Rift Valley fever. Although many of these diseases are preventable by using evidence-based protective measures, VBD expansion patterns over the past few decades pose a significant challenge for modern parasitology and tropical medicine. In their action plan, Egypt did not identify populations at risk of VBDs. Egypt intends to improve its regional and international communication to identify pathogens and infections and develop “One Health”- compliant preparedness and prevention strategies. However, cross-border collaborations are required for the control of VBDs. In this context, we provide a situational analysis and comprehensive review of the epidemiological data on Egypt’s most prevalent VBDs based on an exhaustive search of the major electronic databases and literature from 1950 to 2019. We identified the gaps in Egypt’s preparedness for vector-borne disease threats, including adaptation documents, surveillance and monitoring, environmental management, and preparations for the health system. There is a lack of implementation of an integrated vector management strategy that integrates chemical, environmental, and biological control as well as health education. This necessitates cross-sectoral coordination and community involvement to improve vector control activities and the use, storage, and disposal of pesticides.


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