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RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 58  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 306-310

Mobile app based pictorial identification key for Indian anophelines


1 ICMR-National Institute of Malaria Research, New Delhi, India
2 Kumaun University, Nainital, Uttarakhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Ms. Rekha Saxena
Scientist-F, ICMR-NIMR, Sector-8, Dwarka, New Delhi – 110077
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-9062.325634

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Background & objectives: Malaria control strategies for a particular area largely depends on the correct identification of the mosquito species prevalent in that area. This study aimed to develop an android mobile app named ‘Pictorial Indian anophelines key’, which can be used to identify the 58 species of Indian female adult anophelines based on morphological characteristics. Methods: The pre-requisite to use this app requires a minimum basic knowledge of mosquito morphological characteristics and features. The user needs to view the collected mosquito under a dissecting binocular microscope and has to select the observations on the app presented in the form of labelled picture format. The app uses a divide and conquer algorithm which narrows the selection from genus level to final identification of species. Results: The app is user-friendly, quick and it accurately identifies the mosquito species in a maximum of six consecutive clicks. The result displays a complete image of identified mosquito along with its quick identification features. It can be used for both subgenus Cellia and Anopheles. Interpretation & conclusion: This pictorial key-based mobile app could be helpful for entomologists, malariologists, researchers, public health workers as well as students in the quick and correct identification of anopheline mosquitoes prevalent in India which in turn could be helpful in devising appropriate approaches towards malaria control and prevention. The app can be modified as per future requirements.


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