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RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 58  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 297-305

Prevalence and transmission potential of Wolbachia in Aedes albopictus population circulating in endemic coastal districts of Odisha, India


1 Regional Medical Research Centre (ICMR), Nalco Square, Chandrasekharpur, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
2 Regional Medical Research Centre (ICMR), Nalco Square, Chandrasekharpur; KIIT School of Biotechnology, Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rupenangshu Kumar Hazra
Regional Medical Research Centre (ICMR), Nalco Square, Chandrasekharpur, Bhubaneswar 751023, Odisha
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-9062.313967

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Wolbachia, known for its reproductive manipulation capabilities in insects, are being implemented to control dengue and chikungunya. To understand Wolbachia biology and its utility as a bio-control for vector mosquito’s populations, we investigated its dissemination pattern in field in collected Ae. albopictus along with its maternal transmission efficacy over generations in regions of endemic dengue (DENV) transmission. Field collected Ae. albopictus were subjected to PCR for Wolbachia screening. Overall mean Wolbachia infection frequency in Ae. albopictus was found out to be 87.3% wherein a trend was observed in the pattern of maternal transmission across generations. χ2 for trend revealed a significant variation between Wolbachia infections and non-infections in Ae. albopictus generations. Linear regression analysis revealed the involvement of a strong negative correlation, implying that overall Wolbachia infection tends to decrease in places with high dengue cases.The reduction in Wolbachia infection frequency may be attributed to several environmental factors with the probability of being the cause for endemicity of dengue in the studied areas.This study reports on the transmission efficacy of naturally occurring Wolbachia in successive generations of Ae. albopictus and its correlation with dengue cases in clusters of Odisha, India. Studying the transmission trend of Wolbachia along with transovarial transmission of DENV might be indicative towards the interplay of Wolbachia infection in presence/absence of DENV.


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