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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 58  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 106-114

In silico structural characterization of Cytochrome c oxidase Subunit 1: A transmembrane protein from Aedes aegypti

Applied Biology Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Tarnaka, Hyderabad-500007, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Srinivasa Rao Mutheneni
Pharmacology & Toxicology Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Tarnaka, Hyderabad–500007, Telangana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-9062.331415

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Background & objectives: The present study proposed a series of computational techniques such as homology modelling, molecular simulation, and molecular docking to be performed to explore the structural features and binding mechanism of Cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COX1) protein with known inhibitors. Methods: Elucidation of the three-dimensional structure of COX1 protein was carried out by using MODELLER software. The modelled protein was validated using GROMACS, structural qualitative tools and web servers. Finally the model was docked with carbon monoxide (CO) and nitric oxide (NO) using Auto Dock Tools. Results: The three-dimensional structure of mitochondrial transmembrane protein COX1 was built using homology modelling based on high-resolution crystal structures of Bos taurus. Followed by inserting the lipid bilayer, molecular dynamics simulation was performed on the modelled protein structure. The modelled protein was validated using qualitative structural indices. Known inhibitors such as carbon monoxide (CO) and nitric oxide (NO) inhibit their active binding sites of mitochondrial COX1 and the inhibitors were docked into the active site of attained model. A structure-based virtual screening was performed on the basis of the active site inhibition with best scoring hits. The COX1 model was submitted and can be accessible from the Model Archive site through the following link https://www.modelarchive.org/doi/10.5452/ma-at44v. Interpretation & conclusion: Structural characterization and active site identification can be further used as target for the planning of potent mosquitocidal compounds, thereby assisting the information in the field of research.

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