• Users Online: 442
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Search Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 53  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 105-111

Pseudomonas aeruginosa KUN2, extracellular toxins-A potential source for the control of dengue vector

Department of Biotechnology, School of Biotechnology and Health Sciences, Karunya University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 27353579

Rights and PermissionsRights and Permissions

Background & objectives: Dengue fever is one of the serious health disease transmitted by Aedes spp mosquitoes. The incidence of dengue has increased dramatically around the world in recent decades. Vector control is one of the important strategies practiced for the control of dengue fever. The emergence of resistance among vectors against the existing insecticides has raised new challenges. The aim of the present study was to identify the larvicidal activity of extracellular toxins from Pseudomonas spp for the control of dengue vector, Aedes aegypti. Methods: Bacterial isolates KUN1, KUN2, KUN3, KUN4, and KUBS were isolated from rhizosphere soil of the agricultural fields in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu. Lyophilized culture supernatant of KUN2 (24, 48, and 72 h culture) and the solvent extracts from the diethyl ether, petroleum ether, chloroform and ethyl acetate were tested against the IV instar larvae of Ae. aegypti. Results: Morphological and biochemical characterization of KUN2 showed its resemblance to Pseudomonas spp. Further, characterization by molecular methods confirmed it as Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Lyophilized culture supernatant of KUN2 showed more toxicity towards the larvae of Ae. aegypti when grown in the modified medium. Secondary metabolite from the petroleum ether extract was found more toxic to the Ae. aegypti larvae even at low concentration (50 μg/ml). The supernatant of 48 h culture of KUN2 recorded 100% larvicidal activity when compared to other isolates. Further, the rate of mortality was 100% at 24 h when treated with 100 μg/ml of petroleum ether extract of KUN2. Interpretation & conclusion: Among the isolates used for the control of Ae. aegypti, the isolate KUN2 showed increased larvicidal activity when grown in the modified medium. The maximum larval mortality was observed in the solvent extract of petroleum ether. The mortality of the larvae might be due to the effect of the toxic compound present in the extract which would have entered the larvae through its cuticle damaging its whole system and obstructing further development. Further, studies on the toxic compound responsible for the larvicidal activity need to be carried out for effective dengue control.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded115    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal