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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 51  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 179-187

How dengue vector Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) survive during the dry season in Dhaka City, Bangladesh?

1 National Institute of Preventive and Social Medicine (NIPSOM), Mohakhali, Dhaka, Bangladesh
2 Department of Statistics, Dhaka College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
3 Centre for Communicable Diseases, ICDDR, B, Dhaka, Bangladesh
4 Sarkari Bangla College, Mirpur, Dhaka, Bangladesh
5 Kobi Nazrul Government College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
6 World Health Organization, Regional Office for South East Asia, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Rajib Chowdhury
National Institute of Preventive and Social Medicine (NIPSOM), Mohakhali, Dhaka-1212
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 25253210

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Background & objectives: In 2000, a dengue outbreak occurred in Bangladesh that included Dhaka City. Both dengue vectors, Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus are present in Bangladesh. Aedes aegypti mosquitoes mainly breed in and around houses and Ae. albopictus is an outside breeder. There are many old trees throughout Dhaka City in different parks, streets and the university campus which may have holes that can contribute as potential breeding habitat for the dengue vector. Therefore, a survey was conducted to investigate the presence of eggs of the dengue vector mosquitoes in treeholes during the dry season in February 2001 to know their contribution on dengue outbreaks. Methods: All treeholes in 10 different localities (parks, streets and university campus) of Dhaka City were surveyed. All trees were examined for treeholes up to the height of approximately 3 m and sampled. Debris were collected and packed in poly bags and brought to the laboratory for detailed studies. These were then soaked with tap water to observe egg hatching. The soaked materials were kept up to 20 days covered by a fine mosquito net. After 2-3 days, the eggs started hatching and larvae were separated from the sample for rearing up to IV instar. Results: A total of 245 treeholes were surveyed in 49 identified tree species and 18 unidentified trees. Altogether, 1365 Aedes larvae were found, of which 1096 were Aedes albopictus and 269 were other Aedes species. The largest number of larvae was observed in Delonix regia of Leguminosae family. The number of Aedes albopictus found in the treeholes have perfect positive correlation with the number of other Aedes species. Not a single egg of Aedes aegypti was found in this survey. Interpretation & conclusion: This information will inform public health workers as well as the national control programme to help to solve mosquito borne diseases specially that of dengue. This is critical in planning for vector control operations due to the diversity of dengue outbreak in the nature.

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