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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 49  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 55-60

Climate change and human health: Indian context


1 Southeast Asia Regional Office, World Health Organization, New Delhi, India
2 National Institute of Malaria Research (ICMR), New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Ramesh C Dhiman
Scientist ‘F’, National Institute of Malaria Research, Sector 8, Dwarka, New Delhi-110 077
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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The article reviews the issue of climate change and health in the Indian context. The importance of climate change leading to estimated loss of above 2.5 million DALYs in southeast Asia, mortality due to heat waves, and the importance of air quality related respiratory diseases, disasters due to excessive floods, malnutrition due to reduction in rice, maize and sorghum crops etc. Latest work undertaken in India, vis-a-vis current scenario and need for further work has been discussed. There is felt need of further studies on assessing the impact on dengue and chikungunya as the transmission dynamics of these diseases involve water availability, storage and life style, etc. Uncertainties and knowledge gaps identified in the studies undertaken so far have also been highlighted. As regards to vector borne diseases, there is a need to concentrate in the areas which are presently free from malaria and with use of best available tools of interventions in already disease endemic areas like northeastern states, the risk of climate change impacts can be minimized.


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